The main causes of prostatitis in men

With prostatitis, an inflammatory process occurs in the region of the prostate gland. This is one of the most common urological diseases. The causes of prostatitis in men are varied.

Prostatitis is diagnosed in older men who are unsure of their abilities

What is prostatitis?

The disease is accompanied by a violation of urination. Quite often, a man has a feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder.

The main causes of acute bacterial prostatitis are infections that:

  • transmitted during intimacy (ureaplasmosis, chlamydia);
  • penetrate into the urethra from the area of the rectum (infection with Klebsiella, Pseudomonas aeruginosa).

If the prostate gland becomes inflamed, the emotional state of a man can rapidly deteriorate. In this case, the libido fades.

Deterioration of the nervous system may be characterized by the following symptoms:

  • anxiety;
  • deterioration in mood;
  • sleep disturbance;
  • increased irritability.

Where does prostatitis come from in patients?

It is worth explaining what causes acute or chronic prostatitis in men. The likelihood of developing a disease increases under the influence of the following main factors:

  • promiscuous sexual relations;
  • non-observance of basic rules of personal hygiene;
  • reflux of urine into the bladder area;
  • phimosis;
  • hypothermia;
  • strong emotional shock;
  • stagnation of blood in the pelvic area.

Causes of the disease

Acquired causes of inflammation of the prostate gland include:

  • narrowing of the urethra. It leads to a deterioration in the outflow of urine and increased pressure in the urethra;
  • perineal injury, which provoked the occurrence of a chronic inflammatory process;
  • stones in the prostate;
  • heavy physical work;
  • the presence of a chronic inflammatory process in which the vessels of the prostate are affected.

Acute and chronic infectious pathologies

The inflammatory process in the prostate gland may be the result of another disease. These pathologies include: gonorrhea and urethritis. The following diseases can also cause the development of the disease:

  • cystitis;
  • angina;
  • incompletely treated caries;
  • tuberculosis.

In the presence of a focus of acute or chronic infection, you must first eliminate the root cause of the disease: neutralize the activity of the infectious agent.


Congestive (congestive) prostatitis is often accompanied by damage to the testicular tissue. With this pathology, a violation of spermatogenesis occurs, the process of synthesis of sex hormones slows down. With congestive prostatitis, erectile dysfunction often occurs.

The risk of chronic congestive prostatitis increases under the influence of the following factors:

  • low physical activity;
  • weakness of the muscles in the pelvic floor;
  • prolonged abstinence from intimacy;
  • interrupted sexual intercourse, as a method of protection from unwanted pregnancy;
  • frequent constipation;
  • the presence of cancer;
  • reduced vascular tone;
  • the appearance of complications after surgical intervention on the pelvic organs;
  • varicose disease of the pelvic veins.

Treatment of congestive prostatitis involves the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. These medicines eliminate discomfort, reduce tissue swelling.

If indicated, antiplatelet agents are used. These medicines improve the blood thinning process.

With congestive prostatitis, the introduction of sulfated mucopolysaccharide in the form of injections, the use of nicotinic acid is indicated.

Venotonics help to increase the strength of the venous walls. Drugs from the group of alpha-blockers help to improve the outflow of urine. In some situations, with congestion in the prostate area, immunomodulators, muscle relaxants, and sedatives are used.

Sedentary work

An inactive lifestyle provokes the occurrence of stagnant processes in the tissues of the prostate gland. Due to passive pastime, the functions of the nervous and endocrine systems deteriorate. The risk of developing prostatitis increases in unfavorable environmental conditions.

Prolonged abstinence

With prolonged abstinence, stagnation of seminal fluid is observed. Pathogenic microorganisms can begin to multiply in it, which provokes the occurrence of an inflammatory process in the prostate.

With prolonged abstinence, sexual desire fades. Low sexual activity can also cause impotence.


Under the influence of low temperatures, the corresponding vessels narrow. In this case, the blood supply to the prostate is disturbed, which leads to a deterioration in the nutrition of the organ.

To avoid hypothermia, you need to follow simple recommendations:

  • it is recommended to wear outerwear appropriate for the season;
  • it is necessary to avoid a long stay in the wind, in the immediate vicinity of the air conditioner.
Cutting pain in the lower abdomen in a man with inflammation of the prostate gland

Causes of prostatitis in men after 40 years

Inflammation of the prostate gland in young men develops under the influence of such causes:

  • congestion in the pelvic area;
  • the presence of hidden infectious diseases (chlamydia, trichomoniasis). With such pathologies, a sluggish inflammatory process occurs in the tissues of the prostate gland.

Causes of prostatitis in patients over 55 years of age

The disease after 55 years can occur under the influence of such factors:

  • androgen deficiency;
  • the presence of atrophy of the muscles of the pelvic floor;
  • weakened immunity due to chronic infections;
  • slowing down of blood flow;
  • extinction of sexual function;
  • weakening of the sphincters located in the region of the bladder.

One of the reasons for the development of prostatitis is that the patient is overweight. Due to extra pounds, increased pressure is created on the area of the venous pelvic plexus.

Other causes of the development of the disease

According to a specialist in psychosomatics (Louise Hay), a man's health depends on the psychological state of the stronger sex. According to this theory, the causes of prostatitis may be as follows:

  • a feeling of being unable to control the major events of one's life;
  • internal experiences due to sexual failure;
  • feeling of guilt towards the partner.

Pathology is often diagnosed in elderly men who experience insecurity in their abilities.

To prevent the development of prostatitis at this stage of life, you need to learn to think positively. A man should not focus on what depresses him.

Where does it hurt with inflammation of the prostate in men?

It is worth explaining where it hurts with advanced prostatitis. As the disease progresses, pain occurs in the following parts of the body:

  • scrotum;
  • penis
  • lower back;
  • the region of the anus.

What pain occurs with prostatitis in men depends on the following factors:

  • stages of the disease;
  • localization of the inflammatory focus.

With a long course of prostatitis, pain may occur in the area of the seminal glands and vesicles.

Pain in the legs

It is worth knowing what are the main symptoms of prostatitis, what hurts. When the prostate gland becomes inflamed, blood circulation is disturbed. This can cause pain in the lower extremities.

In some cases, bacterial prostatitis develops reactive arthritis. In this case, pain occurs not in the muscles, but in the area of \u200b\u200bbone tissue or joints.

Discomfort in the testicles

One of the signs of the disease is pain in the perineum. It can spread to the penis, pubis, testicles. Discomfort in the testicles and inguinal folds occurs when the seminal vesicles are affected.

Unpleasant sensations of a shooting character in the testicles and prostate are observed in the presence of a purulent process. In this case, the course of the disease is complicated by a violation of the process of urination, severe weakness, fever.

Discomfort in the anus

The main cause of pain in the anus is that the prostate is located next to the rectum. At the same time, unpleasant sensations are of a shooting nature. Discomfort is aggravated by defecation.

Pain that occurs with inflammation of the prostate gland may be accompanied by constipation, flatulence.

Pain in the coccyx

Pain in the coccyx is one of the symptoms of the disease. Discomfort is often accompanied by a sensation of the presence of a foreign body in the anus. Similar symptoms indicate a violation of the functions of the body in chronic prostatitis.

Lower abdominal pain

With the progression of the disease, the volume of the glandular tissue of the organ increases. Pain in the lower abdomen is often sharp. In this case, the inflammatory process covered the bladder and rectum.

After the course of treatment, swelling disappears. The prostate gland is reduced in size. As a result, pain in the lower abdomen becomes less pronounced.

Pain localization

If you experience pain, you need to undergo a complete medical examination. A similar localization of pain is observed in diseases of the rectum, prostate cancer.

Remedies for pain relief

To eliminate discomfort, an analgesic and an antipyretic from the pyrazolone group are used. The tool helps to relieve pain, has an anti-inflammatory effect.

Diphenhydramine hydrochloride has anesthetic properties. The tool helps to relax smooth muscles. The drug has a calming effect on the nervous system. NSAIDs from the sulfonanilide class are endowed with pronounced anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties.

Effective folk remedies also help to reduce pain:

  1. An infusion made from burdock.It is necessary to pour 10 grams of pre-crushed plant roots with 200 ml of water. The product is cooked on low heat for 10 minutes. After that, the broth is infused for 30 minutes. Take 100 ml twice a day. The decoction is consumed 30 minutes before a meal. The average duration of the course is set individually.
  2. Pumpkin seeds.Eat 1 tablespoon of vegetable seeds twice a day. Pumpkin seeds should be eaten 60 minutes before meals. The average course duration varies from two to three months. Pumpkin seeds are distinguished by pronounced antiseptic properties.

Before using painkillers, you should consult a urologist. Appropriate agents may cause side effects.

Prostatitis, the psychosomatics of which is quite complex, can be prevented. This requires: moderate physical activity, a balanced diet, giving up bad habits, regular sexual relations.